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Removal of Payload

As a general rule, we should remove the payload of TCP or UDP that contains users' private information. If another protocol header exists on top of a TCP or UDP header and the inner header does not contain user private information, the inner header may be maintained. If it is difficult to judge whether a header contains user private information or not, the header should be removed as a precaution.

Once protocol payload is removed, the risk of jeopardizing user privacy is considerably reduced. It would be safe enough for use within a closed group. However, in order to make traces open to the public, we need a further level of security. That is, we need to provide anonymity to network users.

Kenjiro Cho